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International Journal of Power and Energy Research
IJPER > Volume 4, Number 2, July 2020

Optimization of Biogas Production in a Batch Laboratory Digester Using Total Solids, Substrate Retention Time, and Mesophilic Temperature

Download PDF  (520.4 KB)PP. 17-26,  Pub. Date:April 20, 2020
DOI: 10.22606/ijper.2020.42001

Author(s)
Barasa H. Masinde, Daudi M. Nyaanga, Musa R. Njue, Joseph W. Matofari
Affiliation(s)
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 190 – 50100, Kakamega, KENYA
Agricultural Engineering Department, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536 – 20115, Egerton, KENYA
Agricultural Engineering Department, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536 – 20115, Egerton, KENYA
Dairy, Food Science and Technology, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536 – 20115, Egerton, KENYA
Abstract
Optimization was done by investigating the interaction effects of total solids, mesophilic temperature, and substrate retention time on biogas production in a batch biodigester. The volume of the biodigester was 0.15m3. Central composite design of Response Surface Methodology was used to design the experiment. Total solid levels were varied from 6.31% to 9.68%, temperature was from 26.59°C to 43.41°C, and substrate retention time was from 9.95 to 20.04 days. Analysis of results was done using Design Expert software statistical package (version 10.0.0.3). It gave a coefficient of determination of 0.9665 which indicated a high correlation between the variables. All the variables had a significant effect. The highest biogas production rate of 75.41litres/day (or 0.50 m3 of biogas per m3 of digester volume per day, m3/m3d) was achieved at a level of 8% total solids, a temperature of 43.41°C, and a substrate retention time of 15 days.
Keywords
optimization, biogas production, total solids, mesophilic temperature, substrate retention time.
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